In 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. led a protest march in Birmingham, Alabama. Because he did not have a permit to hold the march, he was arrested. Then eight clergymen wrote a letter that was published in the local newspaper. The letter opposed protest marches as a way to end racial problems. While King was in jail, he wrote a reply to that letter. It has been reprinted many times since then under the title “Letter from Birmingham Jail.”

King wrote the letter

after he read the clergymen’s letter.


Since King’s letter was a reply to the clergymen, he had to have written it after he read their letter.

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